Pamukkale

20 03 2009

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Pamukkale (in turkish “cotton castle”), located in south-western Turkey, is a touristic attraction made by nature.  It’s name gives idea of how spectacular the view of this place is. The “frozen waterfall” image you can already see from the hills on the opposite side of the valley, in the town of Denizli, 20 km away.  An unusual natural white cascades were formed by limestone thermal springs, so these travertine terraces are covered with the layer of limestone and water. The other natural form are propped up stalactites, which connect the terraces. The water of Pamukkale is famous for its curing properties to eyes, skin, asthma and rheumatism.

      This marvelous landscape has been created gradually, during centuries. Today a spa resort and touristic destination, Pamukkale has always been popular for the hot springs which were believed to have healing powers, so the city became the center of a pagan cult in antiquity. The ruins of the ancient Hierapolis (“sacred city”) are situated behind the white terraces.  The city founded in the 2nd century BC. was probably given this name because of the large number of temples it contained. What makes Hierapolis different from other ancient cities is it’s location, not on the ground or rock, but on the limestone layers. It’s Cleopatra’s Pool, the temple of Apollo, the theater and necropolis, the biggest ancient graveyard with more than 1,200 preserved tombs, together with the “cotton castle” will definitely impress you.   

     Pamukkale, unique in the world and recognized as a World Heritage Site of UNESCO in 1988, is a must-see during your holiday in Turkey.  

 

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